Animal Class: Mammals
Height: 37-45 inches at the shoulder
Weight: 220-300 pounds for males, females are 10-20 percent lighter
Habitat: Sahara: gravelly and sandy plains, dune fields, sandy basins and depressions
The addax’s long flat hooves are like snowshoes. They keep the animals on top of the ever-shifting sand so they don’t sink. They have white or almost white coats that keep them cool by reflecting sunlight.
The addax is just about as close to extinction in the wild as it possibly could be, and is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. In a 2016 report, the IUCN said a survey had only found three left in the wild.
Addaxes are herbivores, which means they only eat vegetation. This tough antelope eats the grass, melons, tubers and scrub that it can find in its desert habitat. It doesn’t need to worry about finding a watering hole oasis, though, as it gets most of its water through the plants it eats. Addaxes only excrete dry feces and concentrated urine because they use every bit of water that they eat.