Project Description

African Lion

Panthera leo

Animal Class: Mammals

Height: 42 to 54 inches high

Length: 8 to 10 feet long not including the tail

Weight: Male 330 to 550 pounds; Female 260 to 400 pounds

Life Span: 15 years in the wild

Diet: Wild: Hunts medium to large animals including giraffe, buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, warthogs, antelopes, and gazelles.

Habitat:  Sub-Saharan Africa in grasslands, savannas and semi-arid plains.

A tawny-colored muscular body with strong legs used for pouncing. They have strong jaws. Male lions usually have a mane which is yellow when young and darkens as the lion ages. Lions have a tuft at the end of the tail. Lions have excellent eyesight, a good sense of smell and hearing. They have quick reflexes and are capable of reaching speeds of 36 miles per hour. The lion’s rough tongue shears meat from bones and is good for removing parasites during grooming. Their roar can be heard up to five miles away. Male’s mane protects his throat and makes him appear larger. Lions are the only large cat that is social, living in groups called prides. They roar to let each other know where they are. Females often call to their cubs by roaring. The lion stalks prey followed by a charge to grab the animal. Female lions do most of the hunting for the pride. The food is usually shared among the pride, with the dominant males always eating first.

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